Improve energy in livestock farms

: Wednesday - 07/09/2016 23:20  |  Viewed: 1286
In the structure of the agricultural sector, livestock is a sector that consumes much more energy than agriculture, forestry and fisheries. This led many livestock owners to worry about monthly electricity bills in the context of rising energy prices. However, there are many ways to solve this problem. Here are five simple measures that can bring practical benefits to energy efficiency for livestock owners.

1. Cage ventilation system:

Cages of different types of pets have very different ventilation requirements. A properly designed and stable ventilation system is essential to improve energy efficiency.

- First of all, choose the type of high performance fan, based on the ratio of air space volume to power consumption under the same pressure condition. On the other hand, instead of having to mobilize a large number of fans at every location in the barn, chain-driven fan placement will help the farmer take advantage of the wind in this position for another location. . This will help to reduce the cost of buying unnecessary fans unnecessarily, expanding the cage space and, most importantly, saving energy. In addition, the addition of some fans with pedestals around the farm also bring certain effects. In addition, attention should also be paid to the frequent cleaning, maintenance of the fan.

Second, be aware that natural ventilation is still the most effective way to minimize monthly electricity costs. Farmers need to take full advantage of their planning, avoiding the cost of subsequent installation, such as paying more attention to the thickness and walling materials, the location of the roof, the door Windows, doors, etc. Ventilation ducts should also be cleaned regularly. In addition, for open-style enclosures (less than 4 walls), no walls should be directed towards the sun so that ventilation is easy and sunlight will help. Remove many bacteria harmful to pets.

Finally, homeowners can also design additional roof ventilation systems to reduce energy costs, especially in hot and humid climates.

2. Lighting system:

Similar to the ventilation system, for lighting systems, the selection of high performance lamps, reasonable installation locations and optimum use plan is extremely important. About lamps, LED is the ideal choice when saving 40-70% compared to other lamps. Meanwhile, an optimal use plan can be created by combining photovoltaics, smart meters and other control devices. This will help ensure that the use of electric lights only occurs when really needed. In addition, the use of flexible total switches and individual switches for each area of ​​the farm also contribute significantly to the reduction of energy consumption.

3. Infrared heater:

Infrared heater is a useful device to provide automatic heat to the place where it is needed (according to the user setting) instead of providing continuous heat to the entire system. In addition, the installation of additional thermostats will help improve the energy efficiency of the farm is enhanced.

4. Water System:

In some cold countries, the water system not only cleans the barn but also hinders winter freezing. This phenomenon causes large amounts of electricity to be wasted for water pumping and possibly even heating. Simple ways to limit this include increasing the wall thickness or adding winter insulation, blacking the entire wall and equipment to improve heat absorption, using lines Large size pipes to reduce the water pressure due to freezing, regularly check the status of the pipeline to minimize leakage, etc. Particularly for farms with milk production lines, the owner can take advantage. The right warm water is obtained after the milk cooling process to limit the stocking.

5. Animal waste treatment system:

Homeowners need to accurately calculate their farm size, size and maximum number of livestock to install appropriate waste treatment systems. On the other hand, in the context of the current treatment system mainly use water to clean the shed, the integration with the water system and set the temperature, the appropriate water speed is essential. In addition, the development of clean energy technology also allows farm owners to utilize the abundant organic waste from livestock as a fuel for power generation. With simple anaerobic digestion, they can obtain a gas mixture of up to 60% methane - a clean and non-polluting fuel.

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