Incorporate small livestock into the production chain

: Tuesday - 13/12/2016 10:20  |  Viewed: 1351
This is key to promoting the role of small scale livestock production in rural households. Because in the coming years, this kind of animal husbandry will continue to play a significant role in the livestock sector in Vietnam. That is the assertion of Mr. Nguyen Xuan Duong - Deputy Director of Department of Livestock (MARD) with the Economics Urban.

Loads many weaknesses

At the Seminar on "Livestock Production Monitoring in Vietnam" held on December 7, many issues surrounding farm animal husbandry were dissected. Through surveys of more than 4,000 households in 12 provinces, cities across the country, including Hanoi showed that while the price of output products such as meat, eggs, milk are reduced, the price of raising livestock increased slightly. In addition, the survey also pointed out some difficulties that farmers are facing is difficult to access loans and product consumption.

A chicken farmer in Duc Thuong commune, Hoai Duc district, Hanoi.

It is noteworthy that in the six provinces and cities in Bac Giang, Thanh Hoa, Ha Noi, Dong Nai, Vinh Phuc, Hoa Binh and Binh Dinh, The retailer is showing a lot of inadequacies and weaknesses. In particular, despite the fact that the total number of laborers involved in animal husbandry is almost the same, the resources of capital and facilities of small households are much less. On average, each household invested $ 103 million in equipment and workshops, while the farm size was $ 260 million and the farm was $ 795 million. The access to commercial credit for farm production is also higher than for smallholders.

Ta Van Tuong, a specialist in the Institute of Policy and Strategy for Agriculture and Rural Development (Ipsard), said that the use of exotic breeds by small producers is the lowest (7.5%), while The farm is 22.6% and the farm is 49%. Due to the traditional method of production, the cost of production of small households is about 47,900 VND / kg live hog, while the farm is only 40,100 VND / kg. In particular, for linkage farming, only 3.1% of small farmers joined the association, while the percentage on the farm was 35.7% and the farm was 31%. That is why the efficiency of small livestock is low, even in times of loss.

Consolidate position

2016 is considered as one of the brightest points in the livestock sector when it continuously maintained a good growth rate, contributing to "saving" the growth momentum of the entire agricultural sector. However, the problem is that the number of livestock producers is still large, reaching millions of households. Dr Hoang Vu Quang - Deputy Director of Ipsard said that the number of livestock households tends to decrease gradually, while increasing the scale of production and moving out of the population. According to Quang, reorganizing the livestock sector in the context of deepening and increasing integration, it is necessary to have a strict monitoring system of the livestock sector down to the farmer. Providing timely information to households to improve production conditions.

Mr. Nguyen Xuan Duong - Deputy Director of Animal Husbandry Department said that, like developed countries, the process of accumulation, concentration and industrialization of animal husbandry is taking place in Vietnam. However, livestock farmers and cooperatives will continue to be in the livestock industry in the next few years. Therefore, in order to strengthen the role of farmers, it is necessary to well implement the Prime Minister's Decision No. 50/2014 / QD-TTg on policies to support the raising of farmer productivity in the period of 2015 - 2020. In particular, the State advocates supporting the contents that the weak households such as breeding animals, disease control, environment, helping farmers reduce production costs and ensure food safety.

According to the leader of the Department of Livestock Production, the most important issue is to link livestock producers to the production chain with the central role of cooperatives. At that time, the cooperative will stand out linking with enterprises providing input services and businesses slaughtering, processing and marketing products. The linkage not only helps livestock farmers peacefully produce, improve economic efficiency but also create stable material areas for businesses.

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