It is time to brake pig raising and stop expanding feed mill?

: Monday - 13/02/2017 10:20  |  Viewed: 1261
With the number of farms up to 23%, in 2016, Vietnam's live hog production has reached 6 million tons, consuming about 21 million tons of TAC. The overheating of pigs is considered to be the main reason for the dramatic price of pork last time. Along with holding back the scale of the herd, the Department of Animal Husbandry said it was time ...

No more sows
According to the Department of Livestock Production, in 2016, with more than 4.3 million sows, regular pigs in the country are estimated to be over 31 million, yielding over 6 million tons. This number is much larger than what the statistics industry announced.

In 2016, the number of large and medium pig farms increased by 23%

In addition to pork, poultry production contributes about 1 million tons of chicken, with about 300 thousand tons of duck meat, not to mention large cattle such as cattle. According to experts, mainly consuming fresh pork meat, the average consumption of meat of the Vietnamese people is about 37-38 kg / person / year, the country is now eating more than 3 Million tons of pork / year. In the context of pork export is not significant, it can be said that the market of pork in the country has been basically out of the field.

According to calculations, the amount of pork stagnated in 2016 due to the increase in production scale is too fast estimated at about 1 million tons, causing the price of pork dropped at the end of the year. At present, although pork prices are rising again. However, in the long run, the dizzying pig population over time is creating the consequences that farmers themselves have to bear.

Mr. Hoang Thanh Van, Director of the Department of Livestock calculations: With the current sow revolves around 4 million children, if the average productivity of sow reproduce the whole country about 17 piglets / sow / year, each year we Have produced about 75 million piglets.

Next time, if sow productivity continues to increase, with an average of 22 sows per sow per year, we will have 88 million piglets per year. If average porkers are about 90 kg / head, pork production will be around 7 million tons / year - a huge number. So in the coming time, one of the first strategies of raising pigs is to insist on not increasing sow herds, but rather focusing on improving sow quality.

Mr. Van further commented: Among the five major issues of pig production, including breeding, science, technology, production, planning and marketing, the first 3 groups of problems are now well established, however. The output field and especially the pig production planning are now extremely painful. The opening up of livestock farms is out of control.

According to the Department of Animal Husbandry, it is estimated that by the end of 2016, not only small farms, only the number of large and medium farms has reached 26 thousand, up 23% compared to 2015. Worth mentioning All three key areas of swine farming, including the Red River delta, the Central Coast and the South East, are booming pigs.

The Department of Animal Husbandry recommends not increasing the number of sows.

Although pig production planning has been in place since 2008, however, no province has implemented this plan and most of it is breaking the plan. At the same time, localities can not keep up the pace of farm rises to dizzy, because people have the money, like the farm is open immediately.

"If we open up the export market for pork, it is not difficult to raise the pork production of the whole country to 10 million tons per year, but in the context of export markets, this is a big problem. There are interventions to slow down the growth rate, especially the planning and implementation of the planning of the local, "he proposed.

At the meeting with the Department of Livestock on some key tasks in 2017, Minister MARD Nguyen Xuan Cuong frankly commented: Although the planning orientation of the livestock sector is to bring pigs to mountainous areas But the reality is that the majority of pig farms still gather in the Red River Delta, the Southeast, where dense populated areas for the convenience of management conditions. The hot development of pigs in 2016 is partly a long-term consequence of disrupting livestock planning.

Production of livestock feeds
With the size of the pig population "obese" quickly, Vietnam is also becoming a power producer and consumption of TAC. According to statistics of the Department of Livestock up to 2016, total TAC of our country has reached 21 million tons, ranking the Southeast Asia, 6th in Asia and is one of the 12 countries with high TAC production. best of the world. Meanwhile, the expansion of capacity and new investment in TAC factories has not stopped.

According to the disclosure, a corporation in the "hand" industry to TAC area and is determined to build two new TAC factories, each with capacity up to 300 thousand tons per year. In addition, several other plants are also poised to increase capacity despite many recommendations of the Department of Livestock overload of TAC output.

Along with the pigs increased dizzy, the number of Toc plant is growing like mushrooms.

It is predicted that when new plants and factories increase capacity, it is likely that the nationwide TAC production capacity will increase by 1 million tonnes in 2017. The machine is still mushrooming, TAC prices are still rising. Meanwhile, there is no accurate assessment as well as the announcement of the factory about the current production cost of TAC.

Mr. Hoang Thanh Van said that the Department of Livestock has repeatedly petitioned the Ministry of Finance (Department of Price Management) to monitor the price of TAT for transparency of interest rates, but so far this issue is still open.

Along with holding back the size of the herd, the Department of Animal Husbandry said it was time to stop the expansion of new TAT plants as well as "brake brakes" to increase capacity, avoid "chickens out" in control. TAC quality as well as unhealthy competition. However, the difficulty in this regard lies in the fact that the right to build factories today is local.

Working with the Department of Animal Husbandry recently, Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Nguyen Xuan Cuong has asked the Department of Livestock in the coming time to review and evaluate in detail the situation of production of our country, accurate numbers. Regarding the number of factories, output, the study carefully assesses the impacts and consequences of overheating and excessive expansion of both sow and yields. Because of the current hot growth situation, it is possible that at this point in time, other pigs are profitable but in the long run interest can not make up for losses. The overheating of the pigs over the long term will affect first and foremost livestock farmers, vulnerable forces and account for nearly 50% of the total pig population.


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